Cardiac rehabilitation for heart failure: Do older people want to attend and are they referred?

Buttery, A K, Carr-White, G, Martin, F C, Glaser, K and Lowton, K (2014) Cardiac rehabilitation for heart failure: Do older people want to attend and are they referred? European Geriatric Medicine, 5 (4). pp. 246-251. ISSN 1878-7649

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Abstract

Purpose Uptake of cardiac rehabilitation services by older people is suboptimal. Offering suitable services may increase participation. This study investigated older heart failure patients' preferences between hospital, community and home-based service models and sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with these preferences. Rates of referral were examined. Methods Cross-sectional survey of patients aged 65 years and older consecutively admitted to elderly care, cardiology and general medicine wards in a large UK hospital with confirmed heart failure between March-December 2009. A 57-item interview schedule incorporating open and closed questions and standard measures was developed enabling both quantitative and qualitative analysis. Associations between patients' preferences and characteristics including disease severity (New York Heart Association [NYHA] classification) and comorbidity (Charlson comorbidity score) were analysed using Chi-squared tests and one-way ANOVA. Results One hundred and six interviews were completed (mean age 77.8 ± 7.3, 62% male, 47% lived alone). Most patients had moderate-severe heart failure (55% NYHA class III; 34% class II) and co-morbidities (mean Charlson score 3.3 ± 1.7). Most opted for cardiac rehabilitation (72%), preferring hospital to community classes. Those preferring hospital programmes were younger (mean 5.1 years, 95% CI -10.1 to -0.1, P = 0.043) than those preferring not to participate. Neither disease severity nor comorbidity was associated with preferences. Only 21% were referred to any cardiac rehabilitation service. Conclusion Most of these older heart failure patients wanted to attend cardiac rehabilitation, but few were referred. Age was related to preferring certain cardiac rehabilitation service models but not to an overall preference to attend. Referral processes need urgent improvement and offering choice of service models may increase participation. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS and European Union Geriatric Medicine Society.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Sociology
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Depositing User: Karen Lowton
Date Deposited: 26 May 2015 15:50
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2017 07:20
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/54058

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