Controlling selectivity in the reductive activation of CO2 by mixed sandwich uranium(III) complexes

Tsoureas, Nikolaos, Castro, Ludovic, Kilpatrick, Alexander F R, Cloke, F Geoffey N and Maron, Laurent (2014) Controlling selectivity in the reductive activation of CO2 by mixed sandwich uranium(III) complexes. Chemical Science, 5. pp. 3777-3788. ISSN 2041-6520

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Abstract

The synthesis and molecular structures of a range of uranium(III) mixed sandwich complexes of the type [U(η8-C8H6(1,4-SiMe3)2)(η5-CpMe4R)] (R = Me, Et, iPr, tBu) and their reactivity towards CO2 are reported. The nature of the R group on the cyclopentadienyl ring in the former has a significant effect on the outcome of CO2 activation: when R = Me, the products are the bridging oxo complex {U[η8-C8H6(1,4-SiMe3)2](η5-CpMe5)}2(μ-O) and the bridging oxalate complex {U[η8-C8H6(1,4-SiMe3)2](η5-CpMe5)}2(μ-η2:η2-C2O4); for R = Et or iPr, bridging carbonate {U[η8-C8H6(1,4-SiMe3)2](η5-CpMe4R)}2(μ-η1:η2-CO3) and bridging oxalate complexes {U[η8-C8H6(1,4-SiMe3)2](η5-CpMe4R)}2(μ-η2:η2-C2O4) are formed in both cases; and when R = tBu the sole product is the bridging carbonate complex {U[η8-C8H6(1,4-SiMe3)2](η5-CpMe4tBu)}2(μ-η1:η2-CO3). Electrochemical studies on both the uranium(III) complexes and the dimeric uranium(IV) CO2 reduction products have been carried out and all exhibit quasi reversible redox processes; in particular, the similarities in the U(III)/U(IV) redox couples suggest that the selectivity in the outcome of CO2 reductive activation by these complexes is steric in origin rather than electronic. The latter conclusion is supported by a detailed computational DFT study on the potential mechanistic pathways for reduction of CO2 by this system.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Tom Gittoes
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2015 10:30
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2015 10:30
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/53270
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