Regulation of airway mucosal hydration

Paisley, Derek, Gosling, Martin and Danahay, Henry (2010) Regulation of airway mucosal hydration. Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology, 3 (3). pp. 361-369. ISSN 1751-2433

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Abstract

Ion channels control the hydration status of the airway epithelium through apical anion secretion and cation absorption, which is accompanied by osmotically obligated water. The key channels in this process are the cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), which is principally responsible for Cl- secretion by airway epithelial cells, and the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC), which is responsible for the absorption of Na ions. In CF, defective CFTR-mediated Cl- secretion and an accompanying upregulation in ENaC-mediated Na absorption results in a reduction in airway surface liquid volume, leading to poorly hydrated mucus and impaired mucociliary clearance. Restoration of normal airway hydration by modulation of ion channel activity represents an important therapeutic strategy for CF. CFTR corrector and potentiator compounds are being developed with the aim of recovering normal Cl- secretion. Ca2+-activated Cl- channels (CaCCs) are expressed by the respiratory epithelia and are reported to be functionally upregulated in CF and offer a 'surrogate pathway for Cl- secretion. TMEM16A has recently been described as a CaCC in the airway epithelium and, as such, represents an alternative target for restoring Cl- secretion in CF. An alternative therapeutic strategy for CF is to inhibit ENaC, thereby blocking excessive Na absorption. This can be achieved by direct blockade of ENaC or inhibition of the channel-activating proteases (CAPs), whose activity regulates ENaC function. This review will describe the regulation of airway mucosal hydration by ion channels and the efforts currently underway to restore normal mucosal hydration in disease patients by modulating the function of these channels. © 2010 Expert Reviews Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Tom Gittoes
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2015 14:21
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2015 14:21
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/52458
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