High throughput mutagenesis for identification of residues regulating human prostacyclin (hIP) receptor

Bill, Anke, Rosethorne, Elizabeth M, Kent, Toby C, Fawcett, Lindsay, Burchell, Lynn, Van Diepen, Michiel T, Marelli, Anthony, Batalov, Sergey, Miraglia, Loren, Orth, Anthony P, Renaud, Nicole A, Charlton, Steven J, Gosling, Martin, Gaither, L Alex and Groot-Kormelink, Paul J (2014) High throughput mutagenesis for identification of residues regulating human prostacyclin (hIP) receptor. PLoS ONE, 9 (6). e97973. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

The human prostacyclin receptor (hIP receptor) is a seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that plays a critical role in vascular smooth muscle relaxation and platelet aggregation. hIP receptor dysfunction has been implicated in numerous cardiovascular abnormalities, including myocardial infarction, hypertension, thrombosis and atherosclerosis. Genomic sequencing has discovered several genetic variations in the PTGIR gene coding for hIP receptor, however, its structure-function relationship has not been sufficiently explored. Here we set out to investigate the applicability of high throughput random mutagenesis to study the structure-function relationship of hIP receptor. While chemical mutagenesis was not suitable to generate a mutagenesis library with sufficient coverage, our data demonstrate error-prone PCR (epPCR) mediated mutagenesis as a valuable method for the unbiased screening of residues regulating hIP receptor function and expression. Here we describe the generation and functional characterization of an epPCR derived mutagenesis library compromising >4000 mutants of the hIP receptor. We introduce next generation sequencing as a useful tool to validate the quality of mutagenesis libraries by providing information about the coverage, mutation rate and mutational bias. We identified 18 mutants of the hIP receptor that were expressed at the cell surface, but demonstrated impaired receptor function. A total of 38 non-synonymous mutations were identified within the coding region of the hIP receptor, mapping to 36 distinct residues, including several mutations previously reported to affect the signaling of the hIP receptor. Thus, our data demonstrates epPCR mediated random mutagenesis as a valuable and practical method to study the structurefunction relationship of GPCRs. © 2014 Bill et al.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Tom Gittoes
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2015 10:48
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 05:07
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/52452

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