Evidence for solar cycles in a late Holocene speleothem record from Dongge Cave, China

Duan, Fucai, Wang, Yongjin, Shen, Chuan-Chou, Wang, Yi, Cheng, Hai, Wu, Chung-Che, Hu, Hsun-Ming, Kong, Xinggong, Liu, Dianbing and Zhao, Kan (2014) Evidence for solar cycles in a late Holocene speleothem record from Dongge Cave, China. Scientific Reports, 4 (5159). ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

The association between solar activity and Asian monsoon (AM) remains unclear. Here we evaluate the possible connection between them based on a precisely-dated, high-resolution speleothem oxygen isotope record from Dongge Cave, southwest China during the past 4.2 thousand years (ka). Without being adjusted chronologically to the solar signal, our record shows a distinct peak-to-peak correlation with cosmogenic nuclide 14C, total solar irradiance (TSI), and sunspot number (SN) at multi-decadal to centennial timescales. Further cross-wavelet analyses between our calcite δ18O and atmospheric 14C show statistically strong coherence at three typical periodicities of ~80, 200 and 340 years, suggesting important roles of solar activities in modulating AM changes at those timescales. Our result has further indicated a better correlation between our calcite δ18O record and atmospheric 14C than between our record and TSI. This better correlation may imply that the Sun–monsoon connection is dominated most likely by cosmic rays and oceanic circulation (both associated to atmospheric 14C), instead of the direct solar heating (TSI).

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > Geography
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Depositing User: Jayne Paulin
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2015 11:32
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 07:26
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/52173

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