Effects of process variables on micromeritic properties and drug release of non-degradable microparticles

Jelvehgari, Mitra, Barar, Jaleh, Nokhodchi, Ali, Shadrou, Sanam and Valizadeh, Hadi (2011) Effects of process variables on micromeritic properties and drug release of non-degradable microparticles. Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 1 (1). pp. 18-26. ISSN 2228-5881

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Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate microencapsulated controlled release preparation of theophylline using Eudragit RS 100 as the retardant material with high entrapment efficiency. Methods: Microspheres were prepared by the emulsion-solvent evaporation method. A mixed solvent system consisting of methanol and acetone and light liquid paraffin as oily phase were chosen. Sucrose stearate was used as the surfactant to stabilize the emulsification process. The prepared microspheres were characterized by drug loading, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning colorimetry (DSC) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The in vitro release studies were performed at pH 1.2 and 7.4 aqueous medium. Results: Increasing the concentration of emulsifier, sucrose fatty acid ester F-70, decreased the particle size which contributed to increased drug release rate. The drug loading microparticle Eudragit RS100(1:6) showed 60-75% of entrapment and mean particle size 205.93-352.76 μm.The results showed that, an increase in the ratio of polymer: drug (F5, 6: 1) resulted in a reduction in the release rate of the drug which may be attributed to the hydrophobic nature of the polymer. Conclusion: The release of theophylline is influenced by the drug to polymer ratio and particle size. Drug release is controlled by diffusion and the best-fit release kinetic is Higuchi model. © 2011 by Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Tom Gittoes
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2014 14:12
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2014 14:12
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/51772
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