Psychosocial predictors of alcohol consumption among undergraduate students: developing intervention strategies

Atwell, Katie Elizabeth (2014) Psychosocial predictors of alcohol consumption among undergraduate students: developing intervention strategies. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

Excessive alcohol consumption among UK university students is well documented.
Although alcohol use reduces over the time spent at university, drinking patterns of
undergraduates have been associated with risk of alcohol dependence and abuse a
decade following graduation. Consequently, UK universities should endeavour to
promote responsible drinking among their drinking student population.

This thesis presents four studies that aim to inform the development of feasible
and effective alcohol-related interventions targeting the student population. The first
two studies examined the effect of an alcohol-related outcome expectancy manipulation
on alcohol-related cognitions and consumption. Study one showed that a manipulation
aiming to bolster negative expectancies and contradict positive expectancies was
associated with immediate reductions in mild desires for alcohol. Study two provided
limited support for study one, and indicated that repeated exposure to the manipulation
was not associated with significantly greater effects. Neither study showed significant
reductions in alcohol consumption.

Study three used a survey to examine the predictive utility of a broader range of
correlates of alcohol consumption, and provided an integrative model of risky drinking
behaviour. The model highlighted the importance of age when first regularly drinking,
the sensation-seeking personality trait, social drinking motives, confidence in ability to
drink within government guidelines, and the perceived quantity and frequency of
alcohol consumed by university friends.

Study four consisted of a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the
effectiveness of computer-delivered interventions (CDIs) across different study design
features and identified the characteristics of CDIs associated with the largest effects.
CDI efficacy was greater for primary than secondary outcomes, and varied according to
the control condition and outcomes used. CDIs with the largest effects utilised
personalised normative feedback among US heavy/binge drinking students.

The results of these studies contribute to the current intervention literature and
can be used to inform intervention development in UK universities.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0199 Behaviourism. Neobehaviourism. Behavioural psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology > HV5001 Alcoholism. Intemperance. Temperance reform
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2014 14:17
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2015 15:18
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/51603

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