Humans do not always act selfishly: social identity and helping in emergency evacuation simulation

von Sivers, Isabella, Templeton, Anne, Köster, Gerta, Drury, John and Philippides, Andrew (2014) Humans do not always act selfishly: social identity and helping in emergency evacuation simulation. Transportation Research Procedia, 2. pp. 585-593. ISSN 2352-1465

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Abstract

To monitor and predict the behaviour of a crowd, it is imperative that the technology used is based on an accurate understanding of crowd psychology. However, most simulations of evacuation scenarios rely on outdated assumptions about the way people behave or only consider the locomotion of pedestrian movement. We present a social model for pedestrian simulation based on self-categorisation processes during an emergency evacuation. We demonstrate the impact of this new model on the behaviour of pedestrians and on evacuation times. In addition to the Optimal Steps Model for locomotion, we add a realistic social model of collective behaviour.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Depositing User: Anne Templeton
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2014 09:11
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 07:59
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/51139

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