Towards informed and multi-faceted wildlife trade interventions

Challendar, Daniel W S, Harrop, Stuart R and MacMillan, Douglas C (2015) Towards informed and multi-faceted wildlife trade interventions. Global Ecology and Conservation, 3. pp. 129-148. ISSN 2351-9894

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Abstract

International trade in wildlife is a key threat to biodiversity conservation. CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, is the primary mechanism for controlling international wildlife trade and seeks to ensure it is sustainable, relying on trade bans and controls. However, there has been little comprehensive review of the effectiveness of CITES. Here, we review typical and atypical approaches taken to regulate wildlife trade in CITES and assert that it boasts few successes. We attribute this to: non-compliance, an over reliance on regulation, lack of knowledge of listed species, ignorance of the reality of market forces, and influence among CITES actors. To more effectively manage trade we argue that interventions need to go beyond regulation and should be multi-faceted, reflecting the complexity of wildlife trade. To inform such interventions we assert an intensive research effort is needed and we outline six key research areas: (1) factors undermining wildlife trade governance at the national level, (2) determining sustainable harvest rates for CITES species, (3) gaining the buy-in of local communities in implementing CITES, (4) supply and demand based market interventions, (5) means of quantifying illicit trade, and (6) political processes and influence within CITES.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: CITES, community conservation, compliance, economics, regulation, wildlife trade
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Law
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences > GE170 Environmental policy
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography > GF075 Human influences on the environment
H Social Sciences > HC Economic history and conditions > HC0079 Special topics, A-Z > HC0079.E5 Environmental policy and economic development. Sustainable development Including environmental economics
K Law > KZ Law of Nations
Depositing User: Stuart Harrop
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2014 12:56
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 09:28
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/50656

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