Pubertal maturation and affective symptoms in adolescence and adulthood: evidence from a prospective birth cohort

Gaysina, Darya, Richards, Marcus, Kuh, Diana and Hardy, Rebecca (2015) Pubertal maturation and affective symptoms in adolescence and adulthood: evidence from a prospective birth cohort. Development and Psychopathology, 27 (4pt1). pp. 1331-1340. ISSN 0954-5794

[img]
Preview
PDF - Accepted Version
Download (548kB) | Preview

Abstract

The higher prevalence of affective symptoms among women compared to men emerges in adolescence, and it has been associated with pubertal maturation. However, it remains unclear whether pubertal timing has long-term influences on affective symptoms. Using data from the British 1946 birth cohort, we investigated whether pubertal timing was associated with affective symptoms over the life course, distinguishing those with symptoms in adolescence only, symptoms in adulthood only, and symptoms in both adolescence and adulthood. In females, there was no evidence that early pubertal maturation was a risk factor for affective symptoms. However, those with particularly late menarche (≥15 years) showed a lower risk of adult-onset affective symptoms (OR = 0.54, 95% CI: 0.31, 0.95). This effect of late pubertal timing was not explained by a range of socio-behavioural factors. In contrast, in males, late pubertal timing was associated with increased risk of adolescent-onset affective symptoms that tracked into adulthood (OR = 2.10, 95% CI: 1.44, 3.06). This effect was partly explained by low pre-pubertal BMI. Sex-specific effects of pubertal timing on the long-term risk of affective symptoms might be due to different effects of gonadal hormonal on the CNS, as well as different social experiences during puberty.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0712 Developmental psychology Including infant psychology, child psychology, adolescence, adulthood
Depositing User: Darya Gaysina
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2014 13:41
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 10:26
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/49955

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update