Involvement of Schizosaccharomyces pombe rrp1+ and rrp2+ in the Srs2- and Swi5/Sfr1-dependent pathway in response to DNA damage and replication inhibition

Dziadkowiec, D, Kramarz, K, Kanik, K, Wisniewski, P and Carr, A M (2013) Involvement of Schizosaccharomyces pombe rrp1+ and rrp2+ in the Srs2- and Swi5/Sfr1-dependent pathway in response to DNA damage and replication inhibition. Nucleic Acids Research, 41 (17). pp. 8196-8209. ISSN 0305-1048

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Abstract

Previously we identified Rrp1 and Rrp2 as two proteins required for the Sfr1/Swi5-dependent branch of homologous recombination (HR) in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Here we use a yeast two-hybrid approach to demonstrate that Rrp1 and Rrp2 can interact with each other and with Swi5, an HR mediator protein. Rrp1 and Rrp2 form co-localizing methyl methanesulphonate–induced foci in nuclei, further suggesting they function as a complex. To place the Rrp1/2 proteins more accurately within HR sub-pathways, we carried out extensive epistasis analysis between mutants defining Rrp1/2, Rad51 (recombinase), Swi5 and Rad57 (HR-mediators) plus the anti-recombinogenic helicases Srs2 and Rqh1. We confirm that Rrp1 and Rrp2 act together with Srs2 and Swi5 and independently of Rad57 and show that Rqh1 also acts independently of Rrp1/2. Mutants devoid of Srs2 are characterized by elevated recombination frequency with a concomitant increase in the percentage of conversion-type recombinants. Strains devoid of Rrp1 or Rrp2 did not show a change in HR frequency, but the number of conversion-type recombinants was increased, suggesting a possible function for Rrp1/2 with Srs2 in counteracting Rad51 activity. Our data allow us to propose a model placing Rrp1 and Rrp2 functioning together with Swi5 and Srs2 in a synthesis-dependent strand annealing HR repair pathway.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Sussex Centre for Genome Damage and Stability
Subjects: R Medicine
Depositing User: Catrina Hey
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2014 16:13
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2017 22:09
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/49890

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Replication fork stability and fork restartG0745MRC-MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCILG1100074-E01/1