A two-way road

Harrison, Neil A, Kreibig, Sylvia D and Critchley, Hugo D (2013) A two-way road. In: Armony, Jorge and Vuilleumier, Patrik (eds.) The Cambridge handbook of human affective neuroscience efferent and afferent pathways of autonomic activity in emotion. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 82-106. ISBN 9781107001114

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Abstract

Definitions of Emotion

How to conceptualize and define emotion remains an active debate (Scherer, 2005) and is of considerable importance, because different concepts of emotion contribute to divergent interpretations of research findings (see, e.g., the natural kinds debate; (Feldman-Barrett, 2006; Izard, 2007). In the interaction of emotion and physiology, two important conceptualizations can be distinguished: efferent (outwardly conducting nervous impulses to an effector organ) and afferent (inwardly conducting impulses toward the central nervous system) effects of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in emotion.

A prevalent view that emphasizes the role of efferent outflows of ANS activity conceptualizes emotion as a multicomponent response, elicited by appraising an event as relevant to personal goals, needs, or values, with coordinated effects on subjective feeling, physiology, and motor expression (Scherer, 2009; see also Chapter 1). This definition emphasizes the multiple components that constitute an emotional response, including emotional feelings, physiological reactivity, and instrumental and expressive behavior, as well as the central orchestration of the response.

Item Type: Book Section
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R895 Medical physics. Medical radiology. Nuclear medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Depositing User: Hazelle Woodhurst
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2014 09:12
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2014 15:49
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/49497
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