Hydrogenation of CO on a silica surface: an embedded cluster approach

Goumans, T P M, Catlow, C Richard A and Brown, Wendy A (2008) Hydrogenation of CO on a silica surface: an embedded cluster approach. Journal of Chemical Physics, 128 (13). ISSN 0021-9606

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Abstract

The sequential addition of H atoms to CO adsorbed on a siliceous edingtonite surface is studied with an embedded cluster approach, using density functional theory for the quantum mechanical (QM) cluster and a molecular force field for the molecular mechanical (MM) cluster. With this setup, calculated QM/MM adsorption energies are in agreement with previous calculations employing periodic boundary conditions. The catalytic effect of the siliceous edingtonite (100) surface on CO hydrogenation is assessed because of its relevance to astrochemistry. While adsorption of CO on a silanol group on the hydroxylated surface did not reduce the activation energy for the reaction with a H atom, a negatively charged defect on the surface is found to reduce the gas phase barriers for the hydrogenation of both CO and H2C = O. The embedded cluster approach is shown to be a useful and flexible tool for studying reactions on (semi-)ionic surfaces and specific defects thereon. The methodology presented here could easily be applied to study reactions on silica surfaces that are of relevance to other scientific areas, such as biotoxicity of silica dust and geochemistry.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Interstellar dust grains, alpha-quartz, organic-molecules, methanol, chemistry, density, morphologies, functionals, catalysis, mantles
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science
Depositing User: Deeptima Massey
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2014 09:59
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2017 23:39
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/48676

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