The role of miRNA in haematological malignancy

Gounaris-Shannon, Stephanie and Chevassut, Timothy (2013) The role of miRNA in haematological malignancy. Bone Marrow Research, 2013 (269107). pp. 1-12. ISSN 2090-2999

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Abstract

Currently, there are over 1,800 annotated human miRNAs, many of which have tissue-specific expression. Numerous studies have highlighted their role in haematopoietic differentiation and proliferation, acting as master regulators of haematopoietic stem cell function. Aberrant expression of miRNAs has been observed in haematological cancers, exhibiting unique expression signatures in comparison to normal counterparts. Functional and target analyses as well as animal models have attempted to annotate how different miRNA may contribute to the pathophysiology of these malignancies from modulating cancer associated genes, functioning directly as oncogenes or tumour suppressor genes or acting as bystanders or regulators of the epigenetic mechanisms in cancer. miRNAs have also been shown to play a role in modulating drug resistance and determining prognosis between the various subtypes of blood cancers. This review discusses the important role that miRNAs play in haematological malignancies by exploring associations that exist between the two and trying to examine evidence of causality to support the tantalising possibility that miRNAs might serve as therapeutic targets in blood cancers.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Timothy Chevassut
Date Deposited: 14 May 2014 08:58
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2017 06:44
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/48627

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