BCG vaccination induces different cytokine profiles following infant BCG vaccination in the UK and Malawi

Lalor, Maeve K, Floyd, Sian, Gorak-Stolinska, Patricia, Ben-Smith, Anne, Weir, Rosemary E, Smith, Steven G, Newport, Melanie J, Blitz, Rose, Mvula, Hazzie, Branson, Keith, McGrath, Nuala, Crampin, Amelia C, Fine, Paul E and Dockrell, Hazel M (2011) BCG vaccination induces different cytokine profiles following infant BCG vaccination in the UK and Malawi. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 204 (7). pp. 1075-1085. ISSN 0022-1899

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

BCG vaccination of infants is thought to provide good protection in all settings. This study investigated whether Malawian infants made weaker responses across a cytokine panel after BCG vaccination, compared with UK infants.

METHODS

Diluted whole-blood samples were cultured with Mycobacterium tuberculosis purified protein derivative for 6 days from BCG-vaccinated infants 3 months (n = 40 Malawi, 28 UK) and 12 months (n = 34 Malawi, 26 UK) after vaccination, and also from UK unvaccinated infants (n = 9 at 3 months, n = 10 at 12 months). Forty-two cytokines were measured in supernatants using a multiplex bead array assay. Principal component analysis was used to summarize the overall patterns in cytokine responses.

RESULTS

We found differences in median responses in 27 of the 42 cytokines: 7 higher in the UK and 20 higher in Malawi. The cytokines with higher responses in the UK were all T helper 1 related. The cytokines with higher responses in Malawi included innate proinflammatory cytokines, regulatory cytokines, interleukin 17, T helper 2 cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors. Principal component analysis separated the BCG-vaccinated infants from Malawi from the UK vaccinated infants and from the unvaccinated infants.

CONCLUSIONS

Malawian infants make cytokine responses following BCG vaccination, but the cytokine profile is different from that in the UK. The different biosignatures following BCG vaccination in the 2 settings may indicate variability in the protective efficacy of infant BCG vaccination.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Primary Care and Public Health
Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Global Health and Infection
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0031 Internal medicine. Practice of medicine
Depositing User: pam Thompson
Date Deposited: 13 May 2014 13:35
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 11:46
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/48363
📧 Request an update