Governed by history: Institutional analysis of a contested biofuel innovation system in Tanzania

Arora, Saurabh, Romijn, Henny A and Caniels, Marjolein C J (2014) Governed by history: Institutional analysis of a contested biofuel innovation system in Tanzania. Industrial and Corporate Change, 23 (2). pp. 573-607. ISSN 0960-6491

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Abstract

Initially hailed as a miracle crop for biofuel production, Jatropha has recently attracted criticism for competing with food production, causing adverse biodiversity impacts, and jeopardizing land access by rural populations in tropical countries. This paper analyzes the contested development of Jatropha biofuel sector in Tanzania by anchoring two new concepts of ‘organizational models’ and ‘institutional arrangements’ to the sectoral systems of innovation perspective. The notion of ‘organizational models’ brings into relief the heterogeneity of actors in an innovation system and the ways in which the actors form networks, within and across national borders, to organize innovative activities. The concept of ‘institutional arrangements’ refers to the ensemble of formal and informal institutions assembled during Tanzania’s colonial and post-colonial eras, which directly govern innovative activities in specific organizational models. Based on a location-specific and historically-grounded institutional analysis within the innovation system framework, implications are drawn for the future development of Tanzania’s Jatropha sector including its links with European markets and for the regulation of ‘next-generation’ biofuels.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Depositing User: Saurabh Arora
Date Deposited: 02 May 2014 06:01
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2017 04:11
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/48209

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