The role of transforming growth factor-beta1 and oxidative stress in podoconiosis pathogenesis

Addisu, S, El-Metwally, T H, Davey, G, Worku, Y and Titheradge, M A (2010) The role of transforming growth factor-beta1 and oxidative stress in podoconiosis pathogenesis. British Journal of Dermatology, 162 (5). pp. 998-1003. ISSN 1365-2133

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to SRO admin only

Download (260kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Podoconiosis (endemic nonfilarial elephantiasis) occurs in susceptible individuals who go barefoot in regions of irritant volcanic soil. Silicate particles absorbed via the skin are thought to induce an inflammatory process and a consequent endolymphangitis of the lower leg lymphatics.

OBJECTIVES

To establish which oxidative stress biomarkers play a part in the inflammatory process, and to test whether transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 also has a pathogenetic role.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

We enrolled 50 patients with early clinical stage disease, 43 patients with advanced stage disease and 35 local healthy controls. Oxidative stress biomarkers included serum total peroxides (TP), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total nitrate plus nitrite (TN), malondialdehyde (MDA) and total superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. The oxidative stress index (OSI) was also determined. Serum total TGF-beta1 was assayed using sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

RESULTS

Compared with healthy controls, patients with early stage disease showed significantly higher mean levels of TP (P < 0.001), MDA (P < 0.05) and OSI (P < 0.01); and significantly lower mean concentrations of SOD (P < 0.001) and TGF-beta1 (P < 0.001). Mean levels of TGF-beta1 were even lower among patients with advanced stage disease (P < 0.001). Mean TAC levels were significantly lower among patients with advanced disease than either other group (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

This is the first study, to our knowledge, to attempt to elucidate the molecular pathogenetic events in podoconiosis. We conclude that TGF-beta1 may have a pathogenetic role, with oxidative stress playing a minor role in the early stages of disease.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Global Health and Infection
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology > RB151 Theories of disease. Etiology. Pathogenesis
R Medicine > RL Dermatology
Depositing User: Gail Davey
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2014 12:58
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2017 17:24
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/48193

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update