Gatherings of mobility and immobility: itinerant “criminal tribes” and their containment by the Salvation Army in colonial South India

Arora, Saurabh (2014) Gatherings of mobility and immobility: itinerant “criminal tribes” and their containment by the Salvation Army in colonial South India. Transfers, 4 (1). pp. 8-26. ISSN 2045-4813

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Abstract

In retelling the history of “criminal tribe” settlements managed by the Salvation Army in Madras Presidency (colonial India) from 1911, I argue that neither the mobility–immobility relationship nor the compositional heterogeneity of (im)mobility practices can be adequately captured by relational dialecticism espoused by leading mobilities scholars. Rather than emerging as an opposition through dialectics, the relationship between (relative) mobility and containment may be characterized by overlapping hybridity and difference. This differential hybridity becomes apparent in two ways if mobility and containment are viewed as immanent gatherings of humans and nonhumans. First, the same entities may participate in gatherings of mobility and of containment, while producing different effects in each gathering. Here, nonhumans enter a gathering, and constitute (im)mobility practices, as actors that make history irreducibly differently from other actors that they may be entangled with. Second, modern technologies and amodern “institutions” may be indiscriminately drawn together in all gatherings.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: actor-network theory, colonial classifications, Criminal Tribes Act, India, relational dialectics, sedentarization, subversive mobility
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Depositing User: Saurabh Arora
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2014 07:18
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2017 05:21
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/48171

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