Towards accurate estimates of the spin-state energetics of spin-crossover complexes within density functional theory: a comparative case study of cobalt(II) complexes

Vargas, Alfredo, Krivokapic, Itana, Hauser, Andreas and Lawson Daku, Latévi Max (2013) Towards accurate estimates of the spin-state energetics of spin-crossover complexes within density functional theory: a comparative case study of cobalt(II) complexes. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 15. pp. 3752-3763. ISSN 1463-9076

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Abstract

We report a detailed DFT study of the energetic and structural properties of the spin-crossover Co(II) complex [Co(tpy)2]2+ (tpy = 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine) in the low-spin (LS) and the high-spin (HS) states, using several generalized gradient approximation and hybrid functionals. In either spin-state, the results obtained with the functionals are consistent with one another and in good agreement with available experimental data. Although the different functionals correctly predict the LS state as the electronic ground state of [Co(tpy)2]2+, they give estimates of the HS–LS zero-point energy difference ΔE°HL(tpy) which strongly depend on the functional used. This dependency on the functional was also reported for the DFT estimates of the zero-point energy difference ΔE°HL(bpy) in the HS complex [Co(bpy)3]2+ (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine) [A. Vargas, A. Hauser and L. M. Lawson Daku, J. Chem. Theory Comput., 2009, 5, 97]. The comparison of the ΔE°HL(tpy) and ΔE°HL(bpy) estimates showed that all functionals correctly predict an increase of the zero-point energy difference upon the bpy → tpy ligand substitution, which furthermore weakly depends on the functionals, amounting to Δ(ΔE°HL)bpy→tpy ≈ +2760 cm-1. From these results and basic thermodynamic considerations, we establish that, despite their limitations, current DFT methods can be applied to the accurate determination of the spin-state energetics of complexes of a transition metal ion, or of these complexes in different environments, provided that the spin-state energetics is accurately known in one case. Thus, making use of the availability of a highly accurate ab initio estimate of the HS–LS energy difference in the complex [Co(NCH)6]2+ [L. M. Lawson Daku, F. Aquilante, T. W. Robinson and A. Hauser, J. Chem. Theory Comput., 2012, 8, 4216], we obtain for [Co(tpy)2]2+ and [Co(bpy)3]2+ best estimates of ΔE°HL(bpy) ≈ +2800 cm-1 and ΔE°HL(tpy) ≈ 0 cm-1, in good agreement with the known magnetic behaviour of the two complexes.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Alfredo Vargas
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2014 10:10
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2014 11:44
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/48131
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