Acute encephalitis syndrome surveillance, Kushinagar district, Uttar Pradesh, India, 2011-2012

Kakkar, Manish, Rogawski, Elizabeth T, Abbas, Syed Shahid, Chaturvedi, Sanjay, Dhole, Tapan N, Hossain, Shaikh Shah and Krishnan, Sampath K (2013) Acute encephalitis syndrome surveillance, Kushinagar district, Uttar Pradesh, India, 2011-2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 19 (9). pp. 1361-1367. ISSN 1080-6040

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

In India, quality surveillance for acute encephalitis syndrome (AES), including laboratory testing, is necessary for understanding the epidemiology and etiology of AES, planning interventions, and developing policy. We reviewed AES surveillance data for January 2011-June 2012 from Kushinagar District, Uttar Pradesh, India. Data were cleaned, incidence was determined, and demographic characteristics of cases and data quality were analyzed. A total of 812 AES case records were identified, of which 23\% had illogical entries. AES incidence was highest among boys<6 years of age, and cases peaked during monsoon season. Records for laboratory results (available for Japanese encephalitis but not AES) and vaccination history were largely incomplete, so inferences about the epidemiology and etiology of AES could not be made. The low-quality AES/Japanese encephalitis surveillance data in this area provide little evidence to support development of prevention and control measures, estimate the effect of interventions, and avoid the waste of public health resources.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Institute of Development Studies
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > RA0428 Public health laboratories, institutes, etc.
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > RA0639 Transmission of disease
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > RA0643 Communicable diseases and public health
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > RA0648.5 Epidemics. Epidemiology. Quarantine. Disinfection
Depositing User: Syed Shahid Abbas
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 11:56
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 08:28
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/47726

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update