Serious fatal and nonfatal non-AIDS-defining illnesses in Europe

Mocroft, Amanda, Reiss, Peter, Gasiorowski, Jacek, Ledergerber, Bruno, Kowalska, Justyna, Chiesi, Antonio, Gatell, Jose, Rakhmanova, Aza, Johnson, Margaret, Kirk, Ole, Lundgren, Jens, The EuroSIDA Study Group, and Fisher, Martin (2010) Serious fatal and nonfatal non-AIDS-defining illnesses in Europe. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 55 (2). pp. 262-270. ISSN 1525-4135

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Little is known about the incidence and risk factors for serious non-AIDS-defining events.

METHODS

The incidence of non-AIDS events (malignancies, end-stage renal disease, liver failure, pancreatitis, cardiovascular disease), and AIDS after January 1, 2001, was calculated; Poisson regression was used to investigate factors associated with non-AIDS and AIDS.

RESULTS

Among 12,844 patients, 1058 were diagnosed with a non-AIDS event [incidence 1.77 per 100 person-years of follow-up; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.66 to 1.87]; 462 patients (43.7%) died. The incidence of AIDS (1025 diagnoses; 339 deaths, 33.1%) was 1.72 per 100 person-years of follow-up (1.61 to 1.83). After adjustment, older age [incidence rate ratio (IRR): 1.71 per 10 years older, 95% CI: 1.60 to 1.83], diabetes (IRR: 1.49, 95% CI: 1.22 to 1.82) and hypertension (IRR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.43 to 1.87) were associated with non-AIDS events. Compared with patients without an event, there was a 4-fold increased risk of death after an AIDS event (relative hazard: 4.14; 95% CI 3.47 to 4.94) and almost a 7-fold increased risk of death after a non-AIDS event (relative hazard: 6.72; 95% CI: 5.61 to 8.05).

CONCLUSIONS

Non-AIDS events were common in the combination antiretroviral therapy era and associated with considerably mortality. Evidence on the impact of modifying immunodeficiency and lifestyle-related factors on the risk of non-AIDS events in HIV-infected persons is an important but unmet research need.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Martin Fisher is not a named author of this article but is a member of the EuroSIDA study group.
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > RA0643 Communicable diseases and public health > RA0644 Individual diseases or groups of diseases, A-Z > RA0644.A25 AIDS. HIV infections
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Depositing User: Ellen Thomas
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2014 13:54
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2014 13:55
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/47551
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