Does modifying the thick texture and creamy flavour of a drink change portion size selection and intake?

McCrickerd, Keri, Chambers, Lucy and Yeomans, Martin (2014) Does modifying the thick texture and creamy flavour of a drink change portion size selection and intake? Appetite, 73 (1). pp. 114-120. ISSN 0195-6663

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Abstract

Previous research indicates that a drink's sensory characteristics can influence appetite regulation. Enhancing the thick and creamy sensory characteristics of a drink generated expectations of satiety and improved its actual satiating effects. Expectations about food also play an important role in decisions about intake, in which case enhancing the thick and creamy characteristics of a drink might also result in smaller portion size selection. In the current study forty-eight participants (24 female) completed four test days where they came into the laboratory for a fixed-portion breakfast, returning two hours later for a mid-morning drink, which they could serve themselves and consume as much as they liked. Over the test days, participants consumed an iso-energetic drink in four sensory contexts: thin and low-creamy; thin and high-creamy; thick and low-creamy; thick and high-creamy. Results indicated that participants consumed less of the thick drinks, but that this was only true of the female participants; male participants consumed the same amount of the four drinks regardless of sensory context. The addition of creamy flavour did not affect intake but the thicker drinks were associated with an increase in perceived creaminess. Despite differences in intake, hunger and fullness ratings did not differ across male and female participants and were not affected by the drinks sensory characteristics. The vast majority of participants consumed all of the drink they served themselves indicating that differences in intake reflected portion size decisions. These findings suggest women will select smaller portions of a drink when its sensory characteristics indicate that it will be satiating.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Beverage; sensory characteristics; satiation; viscosity; creaminess; expectations
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0180 Experimental psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0199 Behaviourism. Neobehaviourism. Behavioural psychology
Depositing User: Keri McCrickerd
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2013 08:28
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2017 08:39
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/47225

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