Europeanisation and the European security and defence policy: the case of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Klountzou, Theodora (2013) Europeanisation and the European security and defence policy: the case of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

This thesis seeks to develop an under-researched area of Europeanisation
theory, namely the link between the ‘export’ dimension of Europeanisation and
the European Union’s (EU) external crisis response instruments, and
specifically the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP). It examines the
theory of Europeanisation and its relevant dimensions for this thesis, defining
‘Europeanisation’ in this context as the export of European values, principles,
structures, ideas and norms beyond the geographical borders of the EU. The
thesis sets out to test whether ESDP operations can provide a vehicle for
Europeanisation in the countries in which they are deployed. It examines the
evolution of European Union security and defence policy and the evolution of
the EU’s operational military and civilian mission instrument, and employs case
studies of operations in a specific country context in order to test whether ESDP
operations can indeed be a practical mechanism with the potential to export the
EU’s norms and principles.

The thesis employs case studies of three ESDP missions conducted in the
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (fYROM) - the military operation
Concordia, and police missions Proxima and EUPAT. It explores whether these EU external instruments had a Europeanisation dimension, and whether and
how in practice they contributed to Europeanisation. fYROM makes a germane
case study as a new country emerging from crisis, on the EU’s border, and in
line for prospective future EU membership. The case studies show that the
primary effect of the military operation Concordia, in contributing to the country’s
security and political stabilization and providing a visible and symbolic EU
presence, was to provide a platform for subsequent Europeanisation. The
follow-on Proxima and EUPAT civilian operations carried a more direct
Europeanisation agenda and effect, playing an important role in transferring the
EU’s approach to addressing causes of conflict and contributing as part of the
EU’s wider efforts to promoting the integration of fYROM in the EU. The thesis
concludes that ESDP operations can be a vehicle for exporting European
values, principles and norms, and as such, a promoter of Europeanisation
beyond the EU’s borders.

This research can contribute to deepening the area of Europeanisation theory
concerned with export dimensions of the theory, and suggests there is
academic value in examining the Europeanisation aspects of EU external
instruments, including civilian and military operations in other case study
contexts, including in countries well beyond the EU’s neighbourhood.

The research also highlights the value for the EU of conceptualising the ESDP
mission instrument through a Europeanisation lens, in terms of maximising the
transformative potential of the instrument as part of wider EU strategy to pursue
normative, security and political objectives in its neighbourhood and the wider
international sphere.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Politics
Subjects: J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe) > JN0030 European Union. European Community. European communities
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe) > JN9600 Balkan States > JN9660 Yugoslavia > JN9679.M3 Macedonia
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2013 07:00
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2015 14:31
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/47208

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