Early and late mortality in hospitalised patients with raised cardiactroponin

Wong, Peter Sze Chai, Jones, Julia Dawn, Ashrafi, Reza, Khanzada, Omer, Wickramarachchi, Upul, Keen, Touran Heidi and Robinson, Derek Richard (2012) Early and late mortality in hospitalised patients with raised cardiactroponin. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 88 (1042). pp. 437-442. ISSN 0032-5473

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Abstract

Aims: Cardiac troponins are measured in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and other conditions. The authors investigate the prognostic significance of cardiac troponin T (TnT) test and comorbid medical conditions.

Methods: Consecutive patients admitted to the Aintree University Hospital, Liverpool, between 2 January 2004 and 29 February 2004 who had TnT measurement were included. Patients were separated into normal (<0.01 �g/l) or raised TnT levels (=0.01 �g/l), and further categorised into: (1) normal TnT with unstable angina; (2) normal TnT with non-ACS; (3) raised TnT with ACS; and (4) raised TnT with non-ACS. Cox regression was used to identify prognostic variables, and logrank test to compare 7-year survival.

Results: Of 1021 patients, 313 had raised TnT (195 ACS, 118 non-ACS) and 708 normal TnT (80 ACS, 628 non-ACS). Age (HR 1.06; 95% CI 1.05 to 1.07), congestive cardiac failure (HR 1.37; 95% CI 1.11 to 1.69), cerebrovascular disease (HR 1.37; 95% CI 1.10 to 1.71), chronic obstructive airway disease (HR 1.44; 95% CI 1.19 to 1.75), liver disease (HR 4.16; 95% CI 2.37 to 7.31), renal disease (HR 1.83; 95% CI 1.27 to 2.64), tumour (HR 1.39; 95% CI 1.07 to 1.79), lymphoma (HR 4.81; 95% CI 2.07 to 11.16), metastatic cancer (HR 3.55; 95% CI 2.32 to 5.45) and a higher Charlson's comorbidity score (HR 1.20, 95% CI 1.13 to 1.26) were adverse predictors. Both raised TnT with ACS (HR 1.92, 95% CI 1.54 to 2.39) and raised TnT with non-ACS (HR 2.37, 95% CI 1.87 to 3.00) were associated with worse survival. Raised TnT with non-ACS had a worse survival than raised TnT with ACS (p=0.001).

Conclusion: Hospitalised patients with raised TnT levels from any cause predicted a higher mortality than normal TnT, with worst survival in those without an obvious ACS.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Subjects: R Medicine
Depositing User: Derek Robinson
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2014 09:58
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2014 12:13
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/47107
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