Missed opportunities for identifying primary HIV within genitourinary medical/HIV services

Sharrocks, K, Jones, C B, Naftalin, C, Darling, D, Fisher, M, Fidler, S and Fox, J (2012) Missed opportunities for identifying primary HIV within genitourinary medical/HIV services. International journal of STD & AIDS, 23 (8). pp. 540-543. ISSN 1758-1052

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Abstract

To assess the ability of three genitourinary medical centres to clinically identify primary HIV infection (PHI). Cases of recently acquired HIV infection, identified using the Health Protection Agency (HPA) avidity assay on all HIV diagnoses from January to August 2009, were investigated by case-note review. Sixty-four individuals were identified as PHI using the HPA avidity assay. Of 64 individuals, 31 (48%) were identified clinically. Imperial College identified 8/26 (31%), Guys and St Thomas' 15/27 (56%) and Brighton 8/11 (73%). Clinical suspicion of PHI was associated with reported unprotected anal intercourse (P = 0.017), seroconversion symptoms (P = 0.0004), a negative HIV test within six months (P = 0.024) and avidity assay result availability (P = 0.0169). Seventy percent of PHI cases missed had a documented risk factor. Thirty-five percent of those clinically identified with PHI were documented as informed of the associated enhanced infectivity. Suspicion of PHI was low despite documented risk factors and recent HIV-negative antibody tests. Counselling to prevent onward transmission was suboptimal.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > RA0643 Communicable diseases and public health > RA0644 Individual diseases or groups of diseases, A-Z > RA0644.A25 AIDS. HIV infections
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Depositing User: Ellen Thomas
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2013 15:49
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2013 15:49
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/47068
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