The cytotoxicity of DNA carboxymethylation and methylation by the model carboxymethylating agent azaserine in human cells

O'Driscoll, M, Macpherson, P, Xu, Y Z and Karran, P (1999) The cytotoxicity of DNA carboxymethylation and methylation by the model carboxymethylating agent azaserine in human cells. Carcinogenesis, 20 (9). pp. 1855-1862. ISSN 0143-3334

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Abstract

Carboxymethylating agents are potential sources of endogenous DNA damage that have been proposed as possible contributors to gastrointestinal carcinogenesis. The cytotoxicity of the model DNA carboxymethylating agent azaserine was investigated in human cells. Expression of the DNA repair enzyme O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) did not affect sensitivity to the drug in two related Raji Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines. DNA mismatch repair-defective variants of Raji cells which display increased tolerance to DNA methylation damage were not selectively resistant to azaserine. Complementary results were obtained with a second carboxymethylating agent, potassium diazoacetate. In contrast, lymphoblastoid cell lines representative of each of the xeroderma pigmentosum complementation groups, including the variant, were all significantly more sensitive to azaserine than nucleotide excision repair-proficient cells. The hypersensitivity of XP cells was not due to systematic differences in the concentrations of intracellular thiol compounds or related thiol metabolizing enzymes. The data indicate that of the two types of potentially lethal DNA damage which azaserine introduces, carboxymethylated bases and O(6)-methylguanine, the former are repaired by nucleotide excision repair and are a more significant contributor to azaserine lethality in human cells.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Sussex Centre for Genome Damage and Stability
Subjects: Q Science
Q Science > QM Human anatomy > QM0001 General
R Medicine > RB Pathology > RB127 Manifestations of disease
Depositing User: Mark O'Driscoll
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2013 11:57
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2013 11:57
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/46970
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