Neurocognitive function in HIV infected patients on antiretroviral therapy

Winston, Alan, Arenas-Pinto, Alejandro, Stöhr, Wolfgang, Fisher, Martin, Orkin, Chloe M, Aderogba, Kazeem, De Burgh-Thomas, Andrew, O'Farrell, Nigel, Lacey, Charles Jn, Leen, Clifford, Dunn, David, Paton, Nicholas I and for the PIVOT Trial Team, (2013) Neurocognitive function in HIV infected patients on antiretroviral therapy. PLoS ONE, 8 (4). e61949. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe factors associated with neurocognitive (NC) function in HIV-positive patients on stable combination antiretroviral therapy.

DESIGN

We undertook a cross-sectional analysis assessing NC data obtained at baseline in patients entering the Protease-Inhibitor-Monotherapy-Versus-Ongoing-Triple therapy (PIVOT) trial.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

NC testing comprised of 5 domains. Raw results were z-transformed using standard and demographically adjusted normative datasets (ND). Global z-scores (NPZ-5) were derived from averaging the 5 domains and percentage of subjects with test scores >1 standard deviation (SD) below population means in at least two domains (abnormal Frascati score) calculated. Patient characteristics associated with NC results were assessed using multivariable linear regression.

RESULTS

Of the 587 patients in PIVOT, 557 had full NC results and were included. 77% were male, 68% Caucasian and 28% of Black ethnicity. Mean (SD) baseline and nadir CD4+ lymphocyte counts were 553(217) and 177(117) cells/µL, respectively, and HIV RNA was <50 copies/mL in all. Median (IQR) NPZ-5 score was -0.5 (-1.2/-0) overall, and -0.3 (-0.7/0.1) and -1.4 (-2/-0.8) in subjects of Caucasian and Black ethnicity, respectively. Abnormal Frascati scores using the standard-ND were observed in 51%, 38%, and 81%, respectively, of subjects overall, Caucasian and Black ethnicity (p<0.001), but in 62% and 69% of Caucasian and Black subjects using demographically adjusted-ND (p = 0.20). In the multivariate analysis, only Black ethnicity was associated with poorer NPZ-5 scores (P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

In this large group of HIV-infected subjects with viral load suppression, ethnicity but not HIV-disease factors is closely associated with NC results. The prevalence of abnormal results is highly dependent on control datasets utilised.

TRIAL REGISTRY

ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01230580.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0109 Infectious and parasitic diseases
Depositing User: Ellen Thomas
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2013 14:46
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2017 05:02
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/45855

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