Treatment switches after viral rebound in HIV-infected adults starting antiretroviral therapy: multicentre cohort study

Lee, Katherine J, Dunn, David, Gilson, Richard, Porter, Kholoud, Bansi, Loveleen, Hill, Teresa, Phillips, Andrew N, Sabin, Caroline A, Schwenk, Achim, Leen, Clifford, Delpech, Valerie, Anderson, Jane, Gazzard, Brian, Johnson, Margaret, Easterbrook, Philippa, Walsh, John, Fisher, Martin and Orkin, Chloe (2008) Treatment switches after viral rebound in HIV-infected adults starting antiretroviral therapy: multicentre cohort study. AIDS (London, England), 22 (15). pp. 1943-1950. ISSN 1473-5571

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the time from first viral rebound on highly active antiretroviral therapy to first treatment change, identify factors associated with more rapid switching, and investigate whether treatment changes are in line with treatment guidelines.

DESIGN AND SETTING

A multicentre cohort study.

METHODS

We described the time to first treatment switch among individuals experiencing confirmed virological rebound after initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy; factors associated with more rapid switching were identified using proportional hazards regression and predictors of a switch in line with guidelines were identified using logistic regression.

RESULTS

Thirty-four percent of the 694 patients experiencing virological rebound remained on a failing regimen for more than 6 months. Factors associated with more rapid switching were lower CD4 cell count (hazard ratio, 0.84 /100 cells/mul higher, P < 0.001), higher viral load (1.29 /log10 copies/ml higher, P < 0.001), older age (1.06 /5 years older, P = 0.07), and changing/adding drugs to the regimen prior to rebound (1.16, P = 0.16). Two hundred and eighteen of the 394 treatment changes (55%) were in line with guidelines; those receiving nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-containing regimens were more likely to make changes in line with guidelines (adjusted odds ratio, 2.80, P < 0.001), whereas those who had previously added drugs to their regimen were less likely to make changes in line with guidelines (0.15, P = 0.001).

CONCLUSION

A substantial minority of patients remain on a failing highly active antiretroviral therapy regimen for periods of 6 months or longer without adding new drugs. Changes made are often not in line with treatment guidelines, raising concerns about the development of resistance and long-term clinical outcomes in these individuals.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0109 Infectious and parasitic diseases
Depositing User: Ellen Thomas
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2013 13:09
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2013 13:09
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/45620
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