Associations between cardiac target organ damage and microvascular dysfunction: the role of blood pressure

Strain, William D, Chaturvedi, Nish, Hughes, Alun, Nihoyannopoulos, Petros, Bulpitt, Christopher J, Rajkumar, Chakravarthi and Shore, Angela C (2010) Associations between cardiac target organ damage and microvascular dysfunction: the role of blood pressure. Journal of Hypertension, 28 (5). pp. 952-958. ISSN 0263-6352

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Microvascular dysfunction may be an early precursor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Increased left ventricular mass (LVM), concentric left ventricular remodelling and increased left atrial size are the factors that could predict future CVD. We investigated whether microvascular dysfunction was associated with these cardiac measures.

METHODS AND RESULTS

Laser Doppler fluximetry of skin vessels was used to study associations with risk factors and echocardiographic measurements of LVM, relative wall thickness (RWT), and left atrial size in 305 people (aged 40-65 years; 117 with type 2 diabetes). Flow in response to a 3-min arterial occlusion was measured. Postischaemic peak flow responses were categorized into three distinct groups: slow rise to peak (normal), nondominant early peak group (mildly abnormal) and a dominant early peak (abnormal). Those with a dominant early peak had higher blood pressure (P = 0.001), weight (P = 0.001), fasting glucose (P = 0.001) and prevalence of diabetes (P = 0.02). LVM (P = 0.01), RWT (P < 0.001) and left atrial size (P < 0.001) were greater with worsening postischaemic peak flow responses. Differences in LVM between postischaemic response groups were accounted for by blood pressure (BP). However, differences in BP and other CVD risk factors did not account for the greater RWT and left atrial size observed in the more adverse peak response groups [geometric mean of RWT [95% confidence interval (CI)] 0.40 (0.38-0.41) vs. 0.41 (0.40-0.42) vs. 0.43 (0.41-0.45), P = 0.007; left atrial size 36.1 (35.4-36.1) vs. 37.4 (36.8-38.0) vs. 38.7 (37.5-40.0), P = 0.002 for normal vs. mildly abnormal vs. abnormal respectively].

CONCLUSION

An abnormal microcirculatory cutaneous peak flow response following ischaemia is associated with adverse cardiac remodelling, independent of CVD risk factors including blood pressure.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0581 Specialties of internal medicine > RC0952 Geriatrics
Depositing User: Simone Breckell
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2013 12:56
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2013 12:56
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/44551
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