In vitro biological characterization of a novel, synthetic diaryl pyrazole resorcinol class of heat shock protein 90 inhibitors

Sharp, Swee Y, Boxall, Kathy, Rowlands, Martin, Prodromou, Chrisostomos, Roe, S Mark, Maloney, Alison, Powers, Marissa, Clarke, Paul A, Box, Gary, Sanderson, Sharon, Patterson, Lisa, Matthews, Thomas P, Cheung, Kwai-Ming J, Ball, Karen, Hayes, Angela, Raynaud, Florence, Marais, Richard, Pearl, Laurence, Eccles, Sue, Aherne, Wynne, McDonald, Edward and Workman, Paul (2007) In vitro biological characterization of a novel, synthetic diaryl pyrazole resorcinol class of heat shock protein 90 inhibitors. Cancer Research, 67 (5). pp. 2206-2216. ISSN 0008-5472

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Abstract

The molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) has emerged as an exciting molecular target. Derivatives of the natural product geldanamycin, such as 17-allylamino-17-demethoxy-geldanamycin (17-AAG), were the first HSP90 ATPase inhibitors to enter clinical trial. Synthetic small-molecule HSP90 inhibitors have potential advantages. Here, we describe the biological properties of the lead compound of a new class of 3,4-diaryl pyrazole resorcinol HSP90 inhibitor (CCT018159), which we identified by high-throughput screening. CCT018159 inhibited human HSP90beta with comparable potency to 17-AAG and with similar ATP-competitive kinetics. X-ray crystallographic structures of the NH(2)-terminal domain of yeast Hsp90 complexed with CCT018159 or its analogues showed binding properties similar to radicicol. The mean cellular GI(50) value of CCT018159 across a panel of human cancer cell lines, including melanoma, was 5.3 mumol/L. Unlike 17-AAG, the in vitro antitumor activity of the pyrazole resorcinol analogues is independent of NQO1/DT-diaphorase and P-glycoprotein expression. The molecular signature of HSP90 inhibition, comprising increased expression of HSP72 protein and depletion of ERBB2, CDK4, C-RAF, and mutant B-RAF, was shown by Western blotting and quantified by time-resolved fluorescent-Cellisa in human cancer cell lines treated with CCT018159. CCT018159 caused cell cytostasis associated with a G(1) arrest and induced apoptosis. CCT018159 also inhibited key endothelial and tumor cell functions implicated in invasion and angiogenesis. Overall, we have shown that diaryl pyrazole resorcinols exhibited similar cellular properties to 17-AAG with potential advantages (e.g., aqueous solubility, independence from NQO1 and P-glycoprotein). These compounds form the basis for further structure-based optimization to identify more potent inhibitors suitable for clinical development.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adenosine Triphosphatases/antagonists & inhibitors Apoptosis/drug effects Cell Cycle/drug effects Cell Proliferation/drug effects Crystallography, X-Ray Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/drug effects HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins/*antagonists & inhibitors/metabolism Heterocyclic Compounds, 2-Ring/chemistry/*pharmacology Humans Models, Biological Models, Molecular Protein Binding Pyrazoles/chemistry/*pharmacology Substrate Specificity Tumor Cells, Cultured
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD0241 Organic chemistry > QD0415 Biochemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD0901 Crystallography
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology Including cancer and carcinogens
Depositing User: Chrisostomos Prodromou
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2015 09:54
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2015 09:54
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/44376
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