The erythropoietin-derived peptide ARA290 reverses mechanical allodynia in the neuritis mode

Pulman, K G T, Smith, M, Mengozzi, M, Ghezzi, P and Dilley, A (2013) The erythropoietin-derived peptide ARA290 reverses mechanical allodynia in the neuritis mode. Neuroscience, 233. pp. 174-183. ISSN 0306-4522

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Abstract

Studies on the neuritis model suggest that in many patients with chronic pain, neuropathic-like symptoms may be due to nerve inflammation rather than frank nerve injury. Treatments for these patients are often ineffective. The neuroprotective and hematopoietic agent erythropoietin (EPO) has been shown to reverse pain behaviors in nerve injury models and therefore may be of therapeutic benefit. However, EPO can cause thrombosis. ARA290 is an analogue of EPO that has the neuroprotective activities of EPO without stimulating haematopoiesis. The present study has examined the effects of ARA290 on pain behavior in the neuritis model. Following neuritis induction, 30 or 120 µg/kg ARA290 or saline vehicle was injected intraperitoneally in to rats daily from day one post surgery. Animals were assessed for mechanical allodynia and heat hyperalgesia. Levels of the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and chemokine CCL2 mRNA were also assessed using polymerase chain reaction. Vehicle-treated neuritis animals (n = 20) developed signs of mechanical allodynia and heat hyperalgesia that reached a maximum on day four and three of testing respectively. Treatment with either 30 (n = 11) or 120µg/kg ARA290 (n = 9) prevented the development of mechanical allodynia. However, ARA290 did not significantly affect heat hyperalgesia. There was no significant difference between the effects of each drug dose (p<0.05, unpaired t test comparing area under the curve for mechanical allodynia). The levels of CCL2 and TNF-α mRNA in the nerve and Gelfoam were not significantly different following 120µg/kg ARA290 treatment (n = 3-7) compared to vehicle-treated animals (n = 3-7; p = 0.24; unpaired t tests). In summary, ARA290 may be beneficial in the treatment of neuropathic pain symptoms where signs of nerve injury are absent on clinical assessment. The mechanisms of action do not appear to involve the inhibition of TNF-α or CCL2 production.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Depositing User: Andrew Dilley
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2013 08:46
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2013 09:35
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/43863

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