Bumblebee flight distances in relation to the forage landscape

Osborne, Juliet L, Martin, Andrew P, Carreck, Norman L, Swain, Jennifer L, Knight, Mairi E, Goulson, Dave, Hale, Roddy J and Sanderson, Roy A (2008) Bumblebee flight distances in relation to the forage landscape. Journal of Animal Ecology, 77 (2). pp. 406-415. ISSN 0021-8790

[img] PDF
Restricted to SRO admin only

Download (827kB)

Abstract

1. Foraging range is a key aspect of the ecology of 'central place foragers'. Estimating how far bees fly under different circumstances is essential for predicting colony success, and for estimating bee-mediated gene flow between plant populations. It is likely to be strongly influenced by forage distribution, something that is hard to quantify in all but the simplest landscapes; and theories of foraging distance tend to assume a homogeneous forage distribution. 2. We quantified the distribution of bumblebee Bombus terrestris L. foragers away from experimentally positioned colonies, in an agricultural landscape, using two methods. We mass-marked foragers as they left the colony, and analysed pollen from foragers returning to the colonies. The data were set within the context of the 'forage landscape': a map of the spatial distribution of forage as determined from remote-sensed data. To our knowledge, this is the first time that empirical data on foraging distances and forage availability, at this resolution and scale, have been collected and combined for bumblebees. 3. The bees foraged at least 1.5 km from their colonies, and the proportion of foragers flying to one field declined, approximately linearly, with radial distance. In this landscape there was great variation in forage availability within 500 m of colonies but little variation beyond 1 km, regardless of colony location. 4. The scale of B. terrestris foraging was large enough to buffer against effects of forage patch and flowering crop heterogeneity, but bee species with shorter foraging ranges may experience highly variable colony success according to location. © 2007 Rothamsted Research.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Evolution, Behaviour and Environment
Subjects: Q Science
Depositing User: Norman Carreck
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2013 15:48
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 07:11
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/43700

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update