The attempts to transfer the Genevan Academy to Ireland and to America, 1782-1795

Whatmore, Richard and Powell-McNutt, Jennifer (2013) The attempts to transfer the Genevan Academy to Ireland and to America, 1782-1795. Historical Journal, 56 (2). pp. 345-368. ISSN 0018-246X

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Abstract

Early in 1782, republican rebels in Geneva removed the city's magistrates and instituted a popular government, portraying themselves as defenders of liberty and Calvinism against the French threats of Catholicism and luxury. But on 1 July 1782, the republicans fled because of the arrival at the city gates of invading troops led by France. The failure of the Genevan revolution indicated that while new republics could be established beyond Europe, republics within Europe, and more especially Protestant republics in proximity to larger Catholic monarchies, were no longer independent states. Many Genevans sought asylum across Europe and in North America in consequence. Some of them looked to Britain and Ireland, attempting to move the industrious part of Geneva to Waterford. During the French Revolution, they sought to establish a republican community in the United States. In each case, a major goal was to transfer the Genevan Academy established in the aftermath of Calvin's Reformation. The anti-religious nature of the French Revolution made the attempt to move the Academy to North America distinctive. By contrast with the Irish case, where religious elements were played down, moving the Academy to North America was supported by religious rhetoric coupled with justifications of republican liberty.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of History, Art History and Philosophy > History
Subjects: J Political Science > JC Political theory. The state. Theories of the state
Depositing User: Fiona Allan
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2013 12:56
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2015 13:26
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/43594
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