Social upgrading and labour in global production networks: a critique and an alternative conception

Selwyn, Ben (2013) Social upgrading and labour in global production networks: a critique and an alternative conception. Competition and Change, 17 (1). pp. 75-90. ISSN 1024-5294

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Abstract

Over the last two decades the global commodity chain, global value chain and global production network (GCC/GVC/GPN) frameworks have facilitated valuable research into contemporary global capitalism. However, much of this research has paid insufficient attention to work and workers. Recently, the concept of social upgrading, with a strong emphasis on workers’ conditions, has been advanced by leading GCC/GVC/GPN theorists, as a potential remedy to the previous lacunae. This article welcomes this development, but also argues that the social upgrading concept represents an elite comprehension of relations between capital, the state and labour. It is argued that the concept, derived from the International Labour Organization’s Decent Work Agenda, denies the reality of labour’s exploitation by capital and is therefore only partially equipped to explain the existence of indecent work. The Decent Work Agenda and the social upgrading concept expect improvements in work to be delivered by elite actors such as firms, national states and international organizations. It is argued that, through re-visiting Marx’s explication of the capitalist labour process, it is possible to comprehend the nature of capitalist exploitation, the root causes of indecent work and resistance to it, and thus to develop an alternative conception of social upgrading. The article presents evidence from North East Brazilian export horticulture to support these argument

Item Type: Article
Keywords: decent work; ILO; Global production networks; capitalist labour process; Brazilian horticulture; social upgrading
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > International Relations
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM0706 Social structure
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM0831 Social change
Depositing User: Benjamin Selwyn
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2013 12:19
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 07:26
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/43562

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