Essays on human capital formation of youth in the Middle East: the role of migrant remittances in Jordan and armed conflict in Lebanon

Mansour, Wael (2012) Essays on human capital formation of youth in the Middle East: the role of migrant remittances in Jordan and armed conflict in Lebanon. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

Human capital formation is a fundamental requirement for countries’ long term economic development and societal prosperity. This process can be enhanced or disrupted by internal factors such as migration and remittances, or external ones like wars. This thesis is interested in investigating both phenomena. The following questions are addressed: what is the impact of migrant remittances on human capital formation, do these private inflows induce any changes in the behavior of remittance-receivers towards education expenditure, and finally what is the short term micro-economic effect of armed conflicts on education in post war countries. In investigating these issues, focus is made on two perspectives: first youth, an active group in the society whose age matches up higher education levels and labor force entry simultaneously; second gender differentials both in terms of impact and behavior. The research explores new surveys from the Middle East, datasets that have not been analyzed previously from an education angle and that are not generally available to researchers. These datasets come from Jordan and Lebanon, two middle income non-oil producer countries.

The thesis is composed of three independent essays. The first examines the impact of migrant remittances on human capital accumulation among youth in Jordan and highlights the various ways in which remittances influence education outcomes. The analysis takes a gender dimension and examines whether the effects and magnitude of such impact is different between males and females. The second essay considers remittances receipt, from both domestic and international sources, and examines their impact on Jordanian households’ education spending patterns. Following the literature on intra-household bargaining and gender expenditure preferences, the analysis examines whether such impact is potentially different between male and female headed households. The third essay tackles the impact of the 2006 war on education attendance of youth in Lebanon. The chapter captures households’ schooling responses in the aftermath of the war. By looking at the implications of a diversified array of damages sustained; reflecting physical, human, income and employment losses; the chapter examines possible linkages between the nature of the damage incurred and the manner and magnitude in which such damage affects education.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > Economics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labour > HD4801 Labour. Work. Working class > HD4904.7 Human capital
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > HG0179 Personal finance
U Military Science > U Military Science (General) > U021 War. Philosophy. Military sociology
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2013 15:59
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2015 12:19
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/42948

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