Vies d’analogia i d’explicació en l’evolució del pretèrit feble de la conjugació-e romànica

Wheeler, Max W (2012) Vies d’analogia i d’explicació en l’evolució del pretèrit feble de la conjugació-e romànica. Estudis Romànics, 34. pp. 7-36. ISSN 0211-8572

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Abstract

In Latin the perfectum paradigms (Castilian ‘pretérito y tiempos afines’ = PyTA) of the 2nd and 3rd (e-)conjugations had ‘weak’ (arrhizotonic) forms only in the second person past perfective (2.pst.prf) and in the pluperfect subjunctive (plup.sbjv). The Romance languages have evolved weak forms for all PyTA categories for most verbs,
and even the remaining strong preterites have weak forms everywhere except in the 1/3sg.pst.pfv. In the proposed reconstruction of the Proto-Romance PyTA paradigm of vendidi
‘sold’ and similar types, the divergent and surprising distribution of reflexes of */e/ and */E/ in Romance is attributed to three processes: (i) reformation influenced by the vocalism of the uncompounded root DEDI ‘gave’, (ii) haplology eliminating the unstressed syllable in a /dVdV/ sequence, (iii) simplification of stress distribution within the PyTA paradigm. These three processes may apply in different chronological orders, giving rise to the different distribution of outcomes

Item Type: Article
Keywords: verb morphology, reconstruction, Romance languages, e-conjugation,PyTA (= pretérito y tiempos afines)
Schools and Departments: School of English > English
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PC Romance languages
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Max Woodfield Wheeler
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2012 14:51
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 06:52
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/42834

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