Serum zinc and copper status in dyslipidaemic patients with and without established coronary artery disease

Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid, Taylor, Andrew, Kazemi-Bajestani, Seyyed Mohammad Reza, Lanham-New, Susan, Lamb, David J, Vaidya, Nandita, Livingstone, Callum, Wang, Tim and Ferns, Gordon A A (2008) Serum zinc and copper status in dyslipidaemic patients with and without established coronary artery disease. Clinical Laboratory, 54 (9-10). pp. 321-329. ISSN 1433-6510

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Aspects of trace element status have previously been investigated as possible contributory factors to atherosclerosis. In this present study a more comprehensive approach has been taken, looking at the relationship between dietary macro- and micronutrient intake, serum concentrations of zinc and copper, and markers of inflammation in dyslipidaemic patients with or without established coronary artery disease (CAD) and healthy controls, so that a clearer understanding of the potential relationship between copper and zinc status and coronary disease may be ascertained.

METHODS AND MATERIALS

Dyslipidaemic patients (n = 238) were recruited from the local General Hospital in Guildford, UK. Fifty-five of these patients had established CAD. Control subjects (n = 135) were recruited from among employees at the local University and Hospital. A validated food frequency questionnaire was used for estimating the dietary intake of zinc and copper.

RESULTS

Serum copper, copper/caeruloplasmin ratio, zinc/copper ratio, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were significantly different in the patient groups compared to controls [serum copper: 17.20 +/- 0.2 v 15.91 +/- 0.29 micromol/L, p < 0.001; copper/caeruloplasmin ratio: 111.37 +/- 2.18 v 100.63 +/- 2.93 micromol/g, p < 0.01; zinc/copper ratio: 0.85 +/- 0.01 v 0.90 +/- 0.01, p < 0.05; and CRP: 1.25 (0.42-3.26) v 0.58 (0.17-1.42) mg/L, p < 0.001]. Dietary protein, total fat, starch, fibre, monounsaturated fat, zinc, and zinc/copper ratio were also significantly higher in the patients compared to controls. Patients with established CAD had significantly higher serum CRP (p < 0.05) and lower serum zinc (p < 0.01) and zinc/copper ratio (p < 0.01) compared to both patients without CAD and healthy controls.

CONCLUSION

Significant differences in copper and zinc status, dietary intake and markers of inflammation were observed in patients with dyslipidaemia, with or without established CAD, compared with control subjects. Differences in serum CRP, copper and caeruloplasmin may be related to a heightened state of inflammation. The imbalance in zinc/copper metabolism may either contribute to the CAD risk or be a consequence of an acute phase response

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735 Medical education
Depositing User: Gordon Ferns
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2012 14:55
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2012 14:55
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/42709
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