Investigation of the effect of high dairy diet on body mass index and body fat in overweight and obese children

Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid, Sahebkar, Amirhossein, Vakili, Rahim, Safarian, Mohammad, Nematy, Mohsen, Lotfian, Elham, Khorashadizadeh, Mona, Tavallaie, Shima, Dahri, Monireh and Ferns, Gordon (2009) Investigation of the effect of high dairy diet on body mass index and body fat in overweight and obese children. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 76 (11). pp. 1145-1150. ISSN 0973-7693

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate whether an increase in dairy food consumption improves the changes in BMI and adiposity in children on an energy restricted diet.

METHODS

Overweight and obese children (n = 120, age: 12-18 y, BMI: 27-40 kg/m2) were randomized to receive a calorie restricted diet providing a 500 kcal/d deficit from total energy expenditure and two (n = 40), three (n = 40) or four (n = 40) servings of dairy products/day. Anthropometric measurements in addition to serum hs-CRP and lipid profile were measured at baseline and after 12 weeks.

RESULTS

Among the 96 children who completed the study, significant reductions in overall BMI, BMI z-score, weight, total body fat percentage and total body fat mass were observed (p < 0.001) but these reductions were not significantly affected by increasing dairy intake (p > 0.05). Overall waist/hip ratio, Serum vitamin D and lipid profile did not change significantly (p > 0.05) apart from a significant increase in HDL-cholesterol (p < 0.001) which was independent of dairy intake (p > 0.05).

CONCLUSION

Increased intake of dairy products does not lead to an augmented change in BMI, weight and body fat in overweight and obese children beyond what is achieved by calorie restriction.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735 Medical education
Depositing User: Gordon Ferns
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2012 13:48
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2012 13:48
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/42696
📧 Request an update