Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: personhood beliefs across 37 national groups

Owe, Ellinor, Vignoles, Vivian L, Becker, Maja, Brown, Rupert, Smith, Peter B, Lee, Spike W S, Easterbrook, Matt, Gadre, Tanuja, Zhang, Xiao, Gheorghiu, Mirona, Baguma, Peter, Tatarko, Alexander, Aldhafri, Said, Zinkeng, Martina, Schwartz, Seth J, Des Rosiers, Sabrina E, Villamar, Juan A, Mekonnen, Kassahun H and et al, (2013) Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: personhood beliefs across 37 national groups. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44 (1). pp. 24-45. ISSN 0022-0221

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Beliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the construct of contextualism, referring to beliefs about the importance of context in understanding people, as a facet of cultural collectivism. A brief measure was developed and refined across 19 nations (Study 1: N = 5,241), showing good psychometric properties for cross-cultural use and correlating well at the nation level with other supposed facets and indicators of I-C. In Study 2 (N = 8,652), nation-level contextualism predicted ingroup favoritism, corruption, and differential trust of ingroup and outgroup members, while controlling for other facets of I-C, across 35 nations. We conclude that contextualism is an important part of cultural collectivism. This highlights the importance of beliefs alongside values and self representations and contributes to a wider understanding of cultural processes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The complete author list is as follows: Ellinor Owe, Vivian L. Vignoles, Maja Becker, Rupert Brown, Peter B. Smith, Spike W. S. Lee, Matt Easterbrook, Tanuja Gadre, Xiao Zhang, Mirona Gheorghiu, Peter Baguma, Alexander Tatarko, Said Aldhafri, Martina Zinkeng, Seth J. Schwartz, Sabrina E. Des Rosiers, Juan A. Villamar, Kassahun Habtamu Mekonnen, Camillo Regalia, Claudia Manzi, Maria Brambilla, Ersin Kusdil, Selinay Çaglar,Alin Gavreliuc, Mariana Martin, Zhang Jianxin, Shaobo Lv, Ronald Fischer, Taciano L. Milfont, Ana Torres, Leoncio Camino, Robert Kreuzbauer, Nicolay Gausel, Johanna H. Buitendach, Flávia Cristina Silveira Lemos, Immo Fritsche, Bettina Möller, Charles Harb, Aune Valk, Agustín Espinosa, Jas Laile Jaafar, Masaki Yuki, M. Cristina Ferreira, Phatthanakit Chobthamkit, Márta Fülöp, Aneta Chybicka,Qian Wang, Michael Harris Bond, Roberto González, Nicolas Didier, Diego Carrasco, Maria Paz Cadena, Siugmin Lay, Ragna B. Garðarsdóttir, George Nizharadze, Tom Pyszczynski, Pelin Kesebir,Ginette Herman, Isabelle de Sauvage, Marie Courtois, David Bourguignon, Emre Özgen, Ülku E.Güner, Nil Yamakoglu, Sami Abuhamdeh, Andrew Mogaji, Ma. Elizabeth J. Macapagal, Silvia H.Koller, Benjamin Amponsah, Girishwar Misra, Preeti Kapur, Elvia Vargas Trujillo, Paola Balanta,Boris Cendales Ayala, Inge Schweiger Gallo, Paula Prieto Gil, Raquel Lorente Clemares, Gabriella Campara and Baland Jalal.
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM1001 Social psychology
Depositing User: Matthew Easterbrook
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2012 13:13
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2013 10:48
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/42601
📧 Request an update