Securing tropical forest carbon: the contribution of protected areas to REDD

Scharlemann, Jörn P W, Kapos, Valerie, Campbell, Alison, Lysenko, Igor, Burgess, Neil D., Hansen, Matthew C, Gibbs, Holly K., Dickson, Barney and Miles, Lera (2010) Securing tropical forest carbon: the contribution of protected areas to REDD. Oryx, 44 (03). pp. 352-357. ISSN 0030-6053

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Abstract

Forest loss and degradation in the tropics contribute 6-17% of all greenhouse gas emissions. Protected areas cover 217.2 million ha (19.6%) of the world's humid tropical forests and contain c. 70.3 petagrams of carbon (Pg C) in biomass and soil to 1 m depth. Between 2000 and 2005, we estimate that 1.75 million ha of forest were lost from protected areas in humid tropical forests, causing the emission of 0.25-0.33 Pg C. Protected areas lost about half as much carbon as the same area of unprotected forest. We estimate that the reduction of these carbon emissions from ongoing deforestation in protected sites in humid tropical forests could be valued at USD 6,200-7,400 million depending on the land use after clearance. This is >1.5 times the estimated spending on protected area management in these regions. Improving management of protected areas to retain forest cover better may be an important, although certainly not sufficient, component of an overall strategy for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD)

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Evolution, Behaviour and Environment
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences > GE170 Environmental policy
H Social Sciences > HC Economic history and conditions > HC0079 Special topics, A-Z > HC0079.E5 Environmental policy and economic development. Sustainable development Including environmental economics
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH0301 Biology > QH0540 Ecology
Depositing User: Jorn Scharlemann
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2012 08:30
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2017 15:56
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/42536

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