APOE E4 carriers show prospective memory enhancement under nicotine, and evidence for specialisation within medial BA10

Evans, Simon, Gray, Marcus A, Dowell, Nicholas, Tabet, Naji, Tofts, Paul S, King, Sarah and Rusted, Jennifer M (2012) APOE E4 carriers show prospective memory enhancement under nicotine, and evidence for specialisation within medial BA10. Neuropsychopharmacology, 38 (4). pp. 655-663. ISSN 0893-133X

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Abstract

There is evidence to suggest that the APOE ε4 allele (which confers an increased risk of developing dementia) might be associated with cognitive advantages earlier in life. Further, nicotine might selectively benefit ε4 carriers. We used fMRI to explore performance on a prospective memory (PM) task in young adults (age 18–30) with and without nicotine using a within-subjects design. Participants performed an ongoing task while retaining a PM instruction to respond to specific stimuli embedded in the task. Nicotine effects varied according to APOE status. Reaction times to the PM cue were improved under nicotine in ε4 carriers, but not in ε3 carriers. In an event-related analysis, extrastriate responses to PM trials were enhanced by nicotine only in ε4 carriers. These differences in early visual processing may contribute to the behavioural findings. Activity in medial BA10 (previously implicated in PM) differentiated ε4 from ε3 carriers. One BA10 subregion showed greater deactivation in ε4 carriers during PM trials. Activity in other BA10 subregions were modulated by PM reaction time, pointing to region-specific effects within medial BA10. In addition, activity in right hippocampal formation was only seen in ε4 carriers receiving nicotine. These results demonstrate that cognitive enhancement by nicotine can selectively benefit APOE ε4 carriers, and point to genotype-specific differences in neural activity during PM. In addition, these results show that the role of medial BA10 in PM likely involves varying contributions from functionally-specific subregions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published online
Keywords: Alzheimer’s Disease; Psychopharmacology; Imaging; Learning &Memory; Nicotine; APOE; Prospective memory
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Depositing User: Lene Hyltoft
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2013 11:58
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2015 13:38
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/42439
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