Children's understanding of disclaimers

Watling, Dawn and Banerjee, Robin (2012) Children's understanding of disclaimers. Social Cognition, 30 (1). pp. 18-36. ISSN 0278-016X

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Abstract

Individuals who anticipate poor performance on some imminent task often offer disclaimers-verbal statements which serve to protect them from negative social evaluation by dissociating the poor performance from their identity. In the present study, 7- to 14-year-olds (N = 226) responded to hypothetical vignettes where the protagonists either used or did not use a disclaimer when telling a peer audience that they did not expect to perform well on an imminent task. Children made predictions about the evaluations that the peer audience would form of the protagonists, regarding both their imminent performance and their typical performance. Children over 10 years of age recognized that a disclaimer would lead the audience to form a more favorable impression of the protagonists' typical performance. Further, boys who were more preferred by their classmates tended to have a better understanding of the social evaluation consequences of using a disclaimer. Results are discussed in the light of research on children's growing self-presentational awareness

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 887EJ Times Cited:1 Cited References Count:46
Uncontrolled Keywords: self-presentation tactics negative emotions social-status behavior young explanations strategies apologies promotion ingratiation
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM1001 Social psychology > HM1041 Social perception. Social cognition Including perception of the self and others, prejudices, stereotype
Divisions: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Robin Banerjee
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2012 14:03
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2012 14:03
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/42283

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