Re-evaluation of the new Jodal-Brochner-Mortensen equation for one-pool correction of slope-intercept measurement of glomerular filtration rate

Peters, A Michael (2011) Re-evaluation of the new Jodal-Brochner-Mortensen equation for one-pool correction of slope-intercept measurement of glomerular filtration rate. Nuclear Medicine Communications, 32 (5). pp. 375-380. ISSN 0143-3636

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

In their new one-pool correction equation (the JBM equation) for slope-intercept measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), Jodal and Brochner-Mortensen (JBM) assumed that immediate tracer distribution volume (Vo) is the plasma volume. Derivation of the correction factor, f, required the measurement of plasma volume and the area, a, 'missing' in the slope-intercept technique. However, this study shows that any tracer distribution volume can be substituted for Vo to measure f.

METHODS

Extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) and GFR were measured in 69 childhood patients and 101 renal transplant donors using chromium-51 (Cr-51)-EDTA. Data from 20 normal volunteers, in whom ECFV was measured with iohexol and GFR with Cr-51-EDTA, were used to measure a. Lean body mass and ECFV (ECFVBird) were estimated from equations based on height and weight described by Boer and Bird et al., respectively. Body surface area (BSA) was estimated from Haycock's formula.

RESULTS

In children and donors, ln ECFV correlated closely with ln BSA [ECFV (millilitre) = 6080 × BSA; R = 0.943]. In normal volunteers, a was 18.6 (SD 5.5) min, resulting in f = 0.00308 × BSA min/ml, similar to the value of f in the JBM equation (0.0032 × BSA min/ml). BSA correlated closely with lean body mass (R = 0.80 in women and 0.98 in men). ECFVBird was almost identical to 6080 × BSA. GFR scaled to BSA correlated with BSA, but GFR scaled to BSA did not.

CONCLUSION

Any distribution volume proportional to Vo can be used to calculate f in the JBM equation. The unsuitability of BSA for scaling GFR as a result of their nonlinear relationship is shown

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0071 Examination. Diagnosis Including radiography
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Depositing User: Ellen Thomas
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2012 09:43
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2012 09:43
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/42047
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