Primary chemotherapy with gemcitabine as prolonged infusion, non-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin and docetaxel in patients with early breast cancer: final results of a phase II trial.

Schmid, P, Krocker, J, Jehn, C, Michniewicz, K, Lehenbauer-Dehm, S, Eggemann, H, Heilmann, V, Kümmel, S, Schulz, C O, Dieing, A, Wischnewsky, M B, Hauptmann, S, Elling, D, Possinger, K and Flath, B (2005) Primary chemotherapy with gemcitabine as prolonged infusion, non-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin and docetaxel in patients with early breast cancer: final results of a phase II trial. Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO, 16 (10). pp. 1624-1631. ISSN 0923-7534

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Combinations of anthracyclines, taxanes and gemcitabine have shown high activity in breast cancer. This trial was designed to evaluate a modified combination regimen as primary chemotherapy. Non-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (NPLD) was used instead of conventional doxorubicin to improve cardiac safety. Gemcitabine was given 72 h after NPLD and docetaxel as a prolonged infusion over 4 h in order to optimize synergistic effects and accumulation of active metabolites.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

Forty-four patients with histologically confirmed stage II or III breast cancer were treated with NPLD (60 mg/m(2)) and docetaxel (75 mg/m(2)) on day 1 and gemcitabine as 4-h infusion (350 mg/m(2)) on day 4. Treatment was repeated every 3 weeks for a maximum of six cycles. All patients received prophylactically recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Patients with axillary lymph node involvement after primary chemotherapy received adjuvant treatment with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and fluorouracil.

RESULTS

The clinical response rate was 80%, and complete remissions of the primary tumor occurred in 10 patients (25%). Breast conservation surgery was performed in 19 out of 20 patients (95%) with an initial tumor size of less than 3 cm and in 14 patients (70%) with a tumor size <or=3 cm. Seven patients had histologically confirmed complete responses accounting for a pCR rate of 17.5%. Expression of Ki--67 was the most important predictive parameter for response with high 38.9% breast pCR rate in patients with elevated Ki--67 expression. Although the predominant toxicity was myelosuppression with grade 3/4 neutropenia in 61% of patients few neutropenic complications resulted. Non-hematological toxicity was generally moderate with grade 3 or 4 toxicity in 10.0% of cycles. Most common non-hematologic toxicities were nausea, vomiting, alopecia, mucositis, asthenia and elevation of liver enzymes.

CONCLUSION

The evaluated schedule provides a safe and highly effective combination treatment for patients with early breast cancer, which is suitable for phase III studies.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology Including cancer and carcinogens
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology Including cancer and carcinogens > RC0280 By region, system, or organ of the body, or type of tumor, A-Z
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology Including cancer and carcinogens > RC0280 By region, system, or organ of the body, or type of tumor, A-Z > RC0280.B8 Breast. Mammary glands
Depositing User: Tracey O'Gorman
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2012 09:41
Last Modified: 14 May 2015 09:27
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/41978
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