Exploring the underperformance of male and minority ethnic medical students in first year clinical examinations

Woolf, Katherine, Haq, Inam, McManus, I Chris, Higham, Jenny and Dacre, Jane (2008) Exploring the underperformance of male and minority ethnic medical students in first year clinical examinations. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 13 (5). pp. 607-616. ISSN 1573-1677

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Abstract

Evidence shows that medical students from Minority Ethnic (ME) backgrounds and male medical students underperform in undergraduate examinations. Our study confirmed these findings in first year clinical (year 3) medical students, and further explored this disparity in performance. We conducted a series of meta-analyses to measure the effects of sex and ethnic group on the written examination and Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) scores of three groups of year 3 medical students at two London UK medical schools (n = 1,051; 46.0% male; 48.7% White). Male and ME students scored lower on written and OSCE assessments. Both assessments were statistically significantly correlated (mean r = 0.45) and therefore the effects of sex and ethnic group were measured on each exam after being adjusted for the effect of the other. Although sex and ethnic differences remained on the OSCE when adjusted for written performance, these differences disappeared on the written when it was adjusted for OSCE performance. These findings may reflect a relative deficit in practical clinical knowledge in male and ME year 3 students. Results were unlikely to be due to examiner bias, as the machine-marked unadjusted written exam results showed significant sex and ethnic differences.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R690 Medicine as a profession. Physicians
Depositing User: Susan Harper
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2012 14:44
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2012 14:44
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/41815
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