Vaccine innovation, translational research and the management of knowledge accumulation

Yaqub, Ohid and Nightinagle, Paul (2012) Vaccine innovation, translational research and the management of knowledge accumulation. Social Science and Medicine, 75 (12). pp. 2143-2150. ISSN 0277-9536

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Abstract

What does it take to translate research into socially beneficial technologies like vaccines? Current policy that focuses on expanding research or strengthening incentives overlooks how the supply and demand of innovation is mediated by problem-solving processes that generate knowledge which is often fragmented and only locally valid. This paper details some of the conditions that allow fragmented, local knowledge to accumulate through a series of structured steps from the artificial simplicity of the laboratory to the complexity of real world application. Poliomyelitis is used as an illustrative case to highlight the importance of experimental animal models and the extent of co-ordination that can be required if they are missing. Implications for the governance and management of current attempts to produce vaccines for HIV, TB and Malaria are discussed.
Article Outline

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Vaccines; Innovation; Poliomyelitis; Governance; Research translation
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Subjects: T Technology
Depositing User: Paul Nightingale
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2012 13:02
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 10:58
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/41735

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