Is there room for ‘development’ in developmental models of information processing biases to threat in children and adolescents?

Field, Andy P and Lester, Kathryn J (2010) Is there room for ‘development’ in developmental models of information processing biases to threat in children and adolescents? Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 13 (4). pp. 315-332. ISSN 1573-2827

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Abstract

This study investigated the effects of experimentally modifying interpretation biases for children’s cognitions, avoidance behavior, anxiety vulnerability, and physiological responding. Sixty-seven children (6–11 years) were randomly assigned to receive a positive or negative interpretation bias modification procedure to induce interpretation biases toward or away from threat about ambiguous situations involving Australian marsupials. Children rapidly learned to select outcomes of ambiguous situations, which were congruent with their assigned condition. Furthermore, following positive modification, children’s threat biases about novel ambiguous situations significantly decreased, whereas threat biases significantly increased after negative modification. In response to a stress-evoking behavioral avoidance test, positive modification attenuated behavioral avoidance compared to negative modification. However, no significant effects of bias modification on anxiety vulnerability or physiological responses to this stress-evoking Behavioral Avoidance Task were observed.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0180 Experimental psychology
Depositing User: Andy Field
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2012 12:56
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2012 12:56
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/41431
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