A motivational hierarchy within: primacy of the individual self, relational self, or collective self?

Gaertner, Lowell, Sedikides, Constantine, Luke, Michelle, O'Mara, Erin M., Iuzzini, Jonathan, Eckstein Jackson, Lydia, Cai, Huajian and Wu, Quiping (2012) A motivational hierarchy within: primacy of the individual self, relational self, or collective self? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48 (5). pp. 997-1013. ISSN 0022-1031

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Abstract

The individual self, relational self, and collective self are important and meaningful aspects of identity. However, they plausibly differ in their relative importance such that one self lies closer to the motivational core of the self-concept, better represent the “home base” of selfhood, or, simply stated, is motivationally primary. Four multi-method studies tested the relative motivational-primacy of the selves. Despite their disparate methods, the studies yielded consistent evidence of a three-tiered hierarchy with the individual self at the top, followed by the relational self, and trailed at the bottom by the collective self. The same hierarchy emerged in the Eastern culture of China and the Western cultures of the US and UK. Such pancultural consistency suggests that the motivational hierarchy is a fundamental pattern of the human self.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > Business and Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM1001 Social psychology > HM1041 Social perception. Social cognition Including perception of the self and others, prejudices, stereotype
Depositing User: Michele Luke
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2012 14:52
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2012 14:52
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/40980
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