Benzodiazepine binding site occupancy by the novel GABAA receptor subtype-selective drug 7-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-6-(2-ethyl-2H-1,2,4-triazol-3-ylmethoxy)-3-(2-fluorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazine (TPA023) in rats, primates, and humans

Atack, John R, Wong, Dean F, Fryer, Tim D, Ryan, Christine, Sanabria, Sandra, Zhou, Yun, Dannals, Robert F, Eng, Wai-si, Gibson, Raymond E, Burns, H Donald, Vega, Jose M, Vessy, Laura, Scott-Stevens, Paul, Beech, John S, Baron, Jean-Claude, Sohal, Bindi, Schrag, Michael L, Aigbirhio, Franklin I, McKernan, Ruth M and Hargreaves, Richard J (2010) Benzodiazepine binding site occupancy by the novel GABAA receptor subtype-selective drug 7-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-6-(2-ethyl-2H-1,2,4-triazol-3-ylmethoxy)-3-(2-fluorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazine (TPA023) in rats, primates, and humans. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 332 (1). pp. 17-25. ISSN 0022-3565

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Abstract

The GABA(A) receptor alpha2/alpha3 subtype-selective compound 7-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-6-(2-ethyl-2H-1,2,4-triazol-3-ylmethoxy)-3-(2-fluorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazine (TPA023; also known as MK-0777) is a triazolopyridazine that has similar, subnanomolar affinity for the benzodiazepine binding site of alpha1-, alpha2-, alpha3-, and alpha5-containing GABA(A) receptors and has partial agonist efficacy at the alpha2 and alpha3 but not the alpha1 or alpha5 subtypes. The purpose of the present study was to define the relationship between plasma TPA023 concentrations and benzodiazepine binding site occupancy across species measured using various methods. Thus, occupancy was measured using either in vivo [(3)H]flumazenil binding or [(11)C]flumazenil small-animal positron emission tomography (microPET) in rats, [(123)I]iomazenil gamma-scintigraphy in rhesus monkeys, and [(11)C]flumazenil PET in baboons and humans. For each study, plasma-occupancy curves were derived, and the plasma concentration of TPA023 required to produce 50% occupancy (EC(50)) was calculated. The EC(50) values for rats, rhesus monkeys, and baboons were all similar and ranged from 19 to 30 ng/ml, although in humans, the EC(50) was slightly lower at 9 ng/ml. In humans, a single 2-mg dose of TPA023 produced in the region of 50 to 60% occupancy in the absence of overt sedative-like effects. Considering that nonselective full agonists are associated with sedation at occupancies of less than 30%, these data emphasize the relatively nonsedating nature of TPA023.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Subjects: Q Science
Depositing User: Deeptima Massey
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2012 13:23
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2012 13:23
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/40911
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