GPs' perceived barriers to their involvement in caring for patients with HIV: a questionnaire-based study

Defty, Helen, Smith, Helen, Kennedy, Michelle, Perry, Nicky and Fisher, Martin (2010) GPs' perceived barriers to their involvement in caring for patients with HIV: a questionnaire-based study. British Journal of General Practice, 60 (574). pp. 348-351. ISSN 0960-1643

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the late 1990s, individuals with HIV are living longer and beginning to experience the chronic diseases of ageing. Alongside side effects of HAART therapy, these may be better managed in the community by generalists rather than by HIV specialists.

AIM:
To explore GPs' current perceptions of barriers to their involvement in managing patients with HIV.

DESIGN OF STUDY:
Postal questionnaire.

SETTING:
Practices within a primary care trust in the south of England.

METHOD:
The questionnaire included 24 statements relating to potential structural and attitudinal barriers to GPs' involvement in the care of patients with HIV.

RESULTS:
Seventy-one per cent (124/174) of GPs responded; 93% (n = 115) of responders were comfortable managing other illness in HIV patients, and 60% (n = 74) agreed that GPs rather than specialists should manage common chronic problems such as hypertension or diabetes. Specialist prescribing was commonly identified as a barrier, specifically: difficulty keeping up to date, knowledge of HAART side effects, and drug interactions. The majority of responders (67% [83]) viewed patients as preferring their HIV illness to be managed by specialists.

CONCLUSION:
There is now the opportunity and potential to relocate the management of chronic disease in patients with HIV to GPs. Factors such as lack of time, experience, and training were identified as barriers to caring for patient with HIV in the pre-HAART era; these factors continue to challenge some GPs. Additional barriers are the complexity of HAART regimes and inadequate reimbursement. Addressing these barriers is necessary if services are to be reconfigured for people with HIV.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Primary Care and Public Health
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Jessica Stockdale
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2012 09:38
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2012 09:52
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/40097
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